Treaty of Versailles
In the cartoon, there are evidences showing the man is Adolf Hitler. Obviously, he is wearing a helmet with the words “Hitler’s party”, which implies this man must have close relationship with Hitler. Yet, this is not powerful enough to show his identity. When we look at the feature of the man, we can find out that he has the iconic bread as Hitler has. Therefore, we can tell he is Adolf Hitler. Without a shadow of doubt, when looking at a cartoon, one must not neglect the caption of it. If we can’t figure out who he is, the caption has already gave us an answer: Hitler. Usually, there are characters on the cartoons, we have to know who are the cartoonist referring to. So that we can know what event is the cartoonist commenting at with an ease. In this particular cartoon, words are important, so as the images. These two elements facilitate our understanding on the cartoon. Consequently, we will not be confused.
Actually, sometimes a character need not only have one identity. In this case, I will consider the man as both Hitler and Germany. Usually, cartoonists will personify a country, for example, Uncle Sam is often referred to USA. This particular cartoon is posted in 1930, where the most representative person of German is Hitler as Germany is recovering after World War I at the moment, and Hitler is building trust among the citizens.
It is crystal clear that Hitler is crawling out of the Treaty of Versailles. It is not a “realistic” cartoon at all, as the size of the Treaty is exaggerated (bigger than Hitler) , and it can even roll up him. It can be said that the cartoonist thought the Treaty of Versailles is a constraint to Germany, as it obviously asks for the indemnification of German and also gives restriction to Germany for some particular aspects. However, thanks to the rise of Nazism, Hitler is leading Germany to break through the constraints of the Treaty of Versailles – as depicted on the cartoon, the upper side of Hitler has already got out from the Treaty.
Other than the active will of Hitler hoping to tear up the Treaty, there is also a passive force for the rise of Hitler. Since the Treaty of Versailles is too oppressive to Germany (it ties up Hitler tightly as shown in the cartoon), it makes Germany can hardly breath. Hence, Hitler must get himself out of the Treaty by all means in order to survive.
When considering the caption, it talks about the success of Hitler with the Treaty, literally means the Treaty isn’t a constraint to Germany as it meant to be. In contrast, it becomes a catalyst for the rise of Nazi Party and Germany.
So, I come up with a conclusion that the cartoonist thought the Treaty failed to restrict the power of German. Hence, it ultimately leads to the success of Hitler.